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FUNCTIONAL OUTCOME AND ASSOCIATED COMPLICATIONS OF INTERTROCHANTERIC FRACTURE TREATED WITH TROCHANTERIC FEMORAL NAIL: A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

Authors: Rajendra Giraddi; Pattannashetty OB; Ramanagouda B; Vijay Patil; Sharan H; Prashanth K.
Int J Clin Biomed Res. 2018; 4(1): 35-40. » doi: 10.5455/ijcbr.2018.41.08
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Abstract
Introduction: As age increases, fall becomes more often so as intertrochanteric fracture of femur. Because of early mobilization, The Trochanteric Femoral Nail (TFN) is found effective and suitable in Indian population as it is smaller in size than Proximal Femoral Nail (PFN). AIM: To clinically evaluate the functional outcome and associated complications of intertrochanteric fracture treated with trochanteric femoral nail. Methodology: Study was done in 30 patients with intertrochanteric fractures treated with trochanteric femoral nail. Patients were followed up at 6 wks, 3 months, and 6 months. The intraoperative blood loss, duration of surgery, intra operative complications, postoperative complication, duration of hospital stay were studied. Functional outcome was assessed based on KyleÂ’ criteria. Results: In our series of 30 cases there were 22 male and 8 female, maximum age of 90 yrs and minimum age of 20 yrs, most of the patients were between 60 to 70 yrs. Mean age of 58 yrs. 63.3% of cases were admitted due to Domestic fall and 36.7% due to road traffic accidents with common predominance of both sides.AO Type 31A2 fracture accounted for 40 % of cases. Mean duration of hospital stay is 14 days and mean time of full weight bearing is 6 wks. Good to excellent results are seen in 81% cases, Fair in 16%, 3% case with poor results according to kyleÂ’s criteria. Conclusion: : Trochanteric femoral nail to be more useful in unstable and reverse oblique patterns due to the fact that it has better axial telescoping and rotational stability. Intertrochanteric fractures treated with Trochanteric femoral nail have better functional outcome with less complication rate.
Key words: Trochanteric Femoral Nail;Intertrochanteric fractures;functional outcome


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