A STUDY ON THE CLINICO-HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CORRELATION IN HANSEN’S DISEASE

Authors: REKAM ANUSHA, JYOTHI JAYARAMAN

Int J Clin and Biomed Res. 2016;2(1): 10-12.

ABSTRACT:

Introduction: Leprosy, caused by Mycobacterium leprae, is widely prevalent in India and presents with different subtypes. However, there exists a great variation in the interpretation of clinical and histopathological examination of these lesions. The present study was carried to correlate clinical diagnosis of leprosy cases with histopathological diagnosis. Methodology: A retrospective Hospital-based study was conducted in patients of Leprosy, who attended Dermatology Out Patient Department for a period of 18 months. Clinical diagnosis was noted and the biopsies were processed as per standard protocol in the Department of Pathology. The clinical and histopathological concordance was calculated using percentage parity. Results & Conclusion:  In a total of 52 cases, 29(55.7%) were males and 23(44.2%) were females. The histopathological diagnoses from our study showed agreement with clinical diagnoses in 27 (57.69%) cases. Clinico-histopathological agreement was noted maximum in LL (80%), followed by BT (57.14%), BL (50 %), BB (50%), TT (46.2 %), and least in IL (42.8 %).

KEYWORDS

Leprosy, Ridley-Jopling, Acid Fast bacilli, skin lesions.



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